September 20, 2022 2 min read
History & Origin
Hemp originated in Asia and was later cultivated in many other countries. It was used as a source of fiber and food in many countries in Africa and Europe, later making its way over to the Americas.
They used hemp for much more than just food though, it was often made into cloth, paper, netting, oil, or used in building materials. Similar to jute, hemp is a fibrous plant that can be spun into a very strong burlap material used to make rope or fabric. In Central and East Asia, they frequently used hemp in their medicinal practices.
Hemp is not to be confused with the product THC, a psychoactive cannabinoid. Unlike THC, the hemp plant has no effect on a person's mental processes. This also goes for hemp-derived products such as hemp seed oil, hemp seeds (hemp hearts), hemp protein, and hemp milk.
Hemp oil is a popular hemp product made by pressing hemp seeds. Hemp seed oil is often mixed up with CBD oil, but they are two different things. CBD is extracted from the leaves of the hemp plant and hemp oil is extracted from the seeds. Hemp oil is a food-grade oil used in cooking whereas CBD is mainly used to help reduce anxiety and inflammation.
Hemp seeds are harvested from the plants and then processed to remove the hard shell. Hemp seeds have a soft inside that is collected after the de-hulling process. This process is how hemp hearts are removed from the husk.
Hemp hearts is the technical term for hulled hemp seeds, but the two terms can be used synonymously. Shelled hemp seeds are also called hemp nuts, as they are technically a nut.
Hemp protein (or hemp flour) is a byproduct of this process, it is made from leftover shells of the hemp seed. It can be made by grinding the empty seed pods into a fine powder and is an excellent source of protein.
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